YOUR SHELF A library of questions sitting on the shelf, supplementing faith in the restored gospel. Show your shelf by adding your questions to the list.
See the FAQ’s
When accounting for all the evidence, what is a plausible alternative explanation for the Book of Mormon? If it wasn’t inspired, then how did 23-year old Joseph Smith manage to dictate all 269,510 words of the Book of Mormon without any notes? If it wasn’t inspired, then how did Joseph Smith achieve such incredible and complex internal consistency while dictating the Book of Mormon (120 examples documented here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here and here)? If it wasn’t inspired, then how did Joseph Smith sustain a blistering pace of dictating the whole Book of Mormon in around 60 working days? If it wasn’t inspired, then how did Joseph Smith manage to imitate so many different writing styles in the Book of Mormon? If Joseph Smith didn’t dictate the Book of Mormon, then why are most errors in the original manuscript based on mishearing, and most errors from the printers manuscript based on misreading? If Joseph Smith was simply reciting the Book of Mormon from memory, then why does the evidence suggest he was unfamiliar with the text? If Joseph Smith had previously written the Book of Mormon in his own time, then where are all the drafts and revisions? If Joseph Smith had previously written the Book of Mormon in his own time, then how did he keep it a secret from his family? He didn’t even have his own room. How would Joseph Smith find the time to write the Book of Mormon on his own? Where are all the “try works” of Joseph Smith? How could Joseph Smith manage to write the Book of Mormon with all its complexity when contemporary critics admitted that he had limited education? Doesn’t Joseph Smith’s ungrammatical 1832 account of the first vision show that he wasn’t capable of writing the Book of Mormon himself? If Joseph Smith wrote the Book of Mormon, was he just pretending to not know the pronunciation of names that he selected or made up himself? If Joseph Smith wrote the Book of Mormon, why was its design and structure a surprise to him? If instead, the Book of Mormon was written by someone else with expertise in Hebraisms, Mesoamerica etc., then who was it and what is our evidence? Why would someone with expertise in Hebraisms, Mesoamerica etc., anonymously fabricate a long and complex story, then exclusively share it with a farm boy who isn’t interested in books? If someone else wrote the Book of Mormon, then how did Joseph Smith memorize it before dictating? It’s certainly not a short book. If someone else wrote the Book of Mormon, did they also supply golden-looking plates or did Joseph Smith have to source them separately? Why has no-one ever come forward as the author? Why has no descendent of the author ever come forward now that the church has so much wealth? If our evidence for another writer is simply that Joseph Smith couldn’t have written it himself, then why necessarily conclude it was an expert, or collection of experts, who like to exclusively give their work to farm boys, rather than someone who just lived hundreds of years ago? How does an expert/fraudster writing the book, account for Joseph Smith claiming to see God 8 years before translating the Book of Mormon? If Joseph Smith knew the Book of Mormon was a hoax, why would he dedicate his whole life for the cause and then die a martyr? If we follow the evidence, then aren’t the alternative explanations of the Book of Mormon only the most plausible on the prior assumption that God does not exist? If Joseph Smith created the Book of Mormon through “ automatic writing“, then where did all the words come from? If Joseph Smith wrote the Book of Mormon himself, why make it so long? Excluding Bible quotes it has 258,000 words (compared to 184,000 words in the New Testament). Why wouldn’t Joseph just write a much shorter book and take less chances on being exposed? If Joseph Smith wrote the Book of Mormon himself, why did he make it so structurally complex rather than a simple collection of books like the Bible? How could Joseph Smith write Jacob 5 on his own? Was he an expert in olive horticulture? Most people can’t even follow the storyline let alone understand the symbolism and intricate details. If the Book of Mormon was a hoax, then wouldn’t Joseph Smith have been able to still translate when Martin Harris swapped out the seer stone? Why couldn’t Joseph Smith translate the Book of Mormon after a quarrel? Did Joseph Smith know this was consistent with other instances of worthiness when using revelatory devices? How did Joseph Smith know how to include examples of imperative request formula (politeness formula) in the Book of Mormon like in Near Eastern epistles? How about Book of Mormon simile curses like in the ancient Near East? How did Joseph Smith manage to make Lehi’s final words resemble discourses used by dying patriarchs in ancient testamentary literature? How did Joseph Smith know to put the title page of the Book of Mormon at the back, rather than the front? How did Joseph Smith manage to convince 8 witnesses who held the gold plates to believe they were genuine? How did Joseph Smith not get confused while dictating when the storyline started to include flashbacks within flashbacks Why do native language families from Central America to SW USA (Uto-Aztecan) share over 1500 cognates with semitic languages, in a pattern consistent with two migrations of people from the Old World to the New World in the right time frame to fit the Book of Mormon account of Nephite and Mulekite migration? Should we be unimpressed by the symbolic significance throughout the Book of Mormon of the sword of Laban? What is our evidence that Joseph Smith visited libraries, had access to and consulted multiple books to familiarize himself with Hebraisms and Mesoamerica etc? If Joseph Smith copied the Book of Mormon from the View of the Hebrews, why did he use it as evidence for the Book of Mormon? How did Joseph Smith include so many indicators of ancient writing in the Book of Mormon if he didn’t even know Jerusalem had walls around it? Yet he knew Jerusalem topography? Why does 1 Nephi 6 say the pillar of fire “dwelt” on the rock, rather than sat or rested? Is it because the Hebrew verb “yšb” means to dwell, inhabit or sit? Why does Alma 49:22 say that arrows were “thrown”? Is it because the Hebrew verb “yrh” means to throw, shoot or cast? Why is the Nephite monetary system in the Book of Mormon so detailed and reflective of ancient traditions of using “halves” for measurements? Is it coincidence that there is evidence for a great destruction in the land northward at the time of Christ’s death? How did Joseph Smith know about Columbus being moved by the spirit of God when that has only recently been brought to light? How did Joseph Smith know about sheum? Why would Joseph Smith say that Ammon cut off arms and not heads? Why does the Book of Mormon contain so many subordinate clauses which wouldn’t be expected in English? How did Joseph Smith know about primordial monsters? How did Joseph Smith manage to include so many wordplays in the Book of Mormon such as Abish, Benjamin, Noah, Enos, Zarahemla, Zeezrom, Gideon, Joseph, Mormon, Nephi, Jared, Alma, Aminidab, Ephraim, Ishmael, Ammon, Laman, Mosiah, obscurity and dust, rod/ruler, Sebus, Onidah, Nahom, Jershon, Hermounts, joy/boasting, cast out/give place, Moronihah and the iron rod as the word of God? Was the word Rameumpton a lucky guess? Why is there a “blatant pun” on the name Moses in the Joseph Smith translation of the Bible, before the Egyptian meaning of Moses’s name was known to scholars? How did Joseph Smith know there were marketplaces in ancient Mesoamerican times? Or how did he know there were many prophets in Jerusalem when Lehi was preaching? Why does Mosiah 8:20 refer to “wisdom” as female? How did Joseph Smith know to gender the noun “justice” as male, and “mercy” as female in Alma 42:24, which matches the Semitic form? How did Joseph Smith manage to create multiple accounts of Alma’s conversion which differ according to the audience? Or list a lengthy genealogy in Ether 1 and then discuss each person in reverse order in the rest of the book? Why does the Book of Mormon contain so many cognates that wouldn’t be expected in English? How did Joseph Smith know the legal context of a curse of speechlessness? Why does Jacob’s sermon so closely resemble the ancient Near Eastern covenant/treaty pattern and the ancient Israelite autumn festival? How come the Book of Mormon makes many references to the Passover (like we would expect) but doesn’t explicitly name it (like we would expect)? Why would the Book of Mormon start with the hero cutting off someone’s head? Wouldn’t that be a reason for people to distance themselves from it? Yet how come Joseph Smith knew so much about Exodus 21:13 and Biblical law to make the story legally justifiable? How did Joseph Smith know about the custom of cutting down trees which were used for hangings? Why are there so many Hebraisms in the Book of Mormon (such as Hebraic conditionals) that were not understood or found until recently? Was this to make the fraud future-proof? Are we to believe Joseph Smith was an expert on ancient warfare, including military exemptions? Or guerrilla warfare? Or total warfare? Or watchtowers? How did Joseph Smith know about extensive defensive walls used in Mesoamerican warfare when modern archaeology didn’t detect them until 2018? Or whatever a cimeter is? Why are Book of Mormon descriptions of armor correct? How come the accounts of war in the Book of Mormon occur at exactly the right seasonal times we would expect? Why does the Book of Mormon describe the ferocious Gaddianton robbers as wearing lamb-skin? How do we explain such symbolism? Why did Joseph Smith choose to include a steel sword in Jerusalem when this was thought to be anachronistic in the 1820’s and a steel sword dating to 620 BC wasn’t found in the area until the 1980’s? How was Joseph Smith an expert on Israelite law and justice in the case of Seantum’s confession? Where did Joseph Smith find the time to worry about the progressing symbolism of fine apparel? How did Joseph Smith manage to set up prophecies only to be fulfilled much later in the book? If it was all a hoax and Joseph Smith just wanted to make money, then why did he choose the much tougher task of fabricating a new book of scripture rather than a historical document? Or maintain chronological order of events in different parts of the book (such as Mormon’s letter to Moroni)? Why are there so many conjunctions in the Book of Mormon that we wouldn’t expect in English? Should we be impressed that the Book of Mormon phrases “bands of death” and “chains of hell” can’t be found in the English translations of the King James Bible, and yet they show up in the Bible’s underlying Hebrew? Was Joseph Smith aware that 3 Nephi 19:24-26 intentionally alludes to the priestly blessing in Numbers 6:24–26? Why are there Hebrew forms of the name “Ammonihah” on seals dating to the seventh century BC? Why are so many Book of Mormon names built on the most common Egyptian name at the time of Amon or Ammon (such as Aminadi)? How did Joseph Smith know that different kinds of bows require different types of arrows? How did Joseph Smith make up or choose over 200 names not found in the Bible, many with ancient origins, such as Gidgiddoni? Or over 150 named locations? Should we ignore the lessons learnt from the Popol Vuh? Why did none of the Book of Mormon witnesses deny their testimony even though they were hostile to Joseph Smith and the Church? How did Joseph Smith get proskynesis so correct? Why is the complexity of the works by Shakespeare, Tolkien, and Rowling used to explain away the Book of Mormon, when none of those authors claimed to dictate their work or use their first draft? How was Joseph Smith so meticulous in the usage of sacred numbers such as Lehi’s seven tribes? Or symbolic numbers such as the usage of ten? Also the significance of the number 12? Or how did Joseph Smith know different types of hand gestures in Mesoamerica? Or hand gestures consistent with Near Eastern texts? How about the similarities between Mormon 2-6 and an early Christian document known as the Didache? Why is the name “ Kish” found in Mesopotamia, where the Jaredites are likely from? Why would Joseph Smith, a patriotic American, frame the American revolution in the Book of Mormon as a story of deliverance rather than of resistance? How did Joseph Smith manage to use biblical content with such sophistication such as Isaiah and Micah in 3 Nephi? How would Joseph Smith know about codices in stone boxes? Or the use of engraved images in Mesoamerican culture? How do we explain the Book of Mormon’s usage of the number 24? Why are there prepositional phrases in place of adverbs in the Book of Mormon? How is the Book of Mormon so consistent in its doctrinal message, for example Nephi formulates a set of principles that informs ever major sermon in the rest of the book? Is it luck that the only bow-wood obtainable in all Arabia only grows in the very region where Nephi’s broken bow incident would have occurred? Why is the system of government and judges in the Book of Mormon so un-American and so far removed from Joseph Smith’s experience? And why is the Book of Mormon so favorable to kingship unlike in Joseph Smith’s day? Why would Joseph Smith take a chance on saying the Jaredites used iron? Or silk? And thrones? Should we think nothing of the pattern of time used in 4 Nephi when nothing is reported to have happened? How did Joseph Smith ensure that the Book of Mormon’s use of “remember” and “forget” is “ extensive, internally consistent, and strikingly similar – in both frequency and range of meaning – to their use in the Bible” Why do differing descriptions of the gold plates match materials used in ancient America? Would Joseph Smith have known an emphasis on preserving and hiding important texts has roots in the old and new world? Is it luck that the destruction of apostate cities is perfectly inline with the law given in Deuteronomy? Did Joseph Smith know that the sealed portion of the plates fits in with other portions of texts which are withheld from the unrighteous? Should we ignore the fact that the Book of Mormon (like other ancient documents) is “ doubled, sealed and witnessed“? Why would Joseph Smith take the risk in saying that Irreantum means “ many waters”? Why is Abinadi’s interpretation of Isaiah 52:7 the same as early Jewish and Christian texts unknown when the Book of Mormon was published? Why do we keep finding evidence of Book of Mormon names being used anciently such as Aha? Why would Joseph Smith go against the trend and say that one of King Zedekiah’s sons survived, which has been supported by recent scholarship? Why would Joseph Smith take a risk in saying the Nephites wrote using reformed Egyptian when there was no precedent (but discovered recently)? Why does the Book of Mormon use the archaic rhetorical device of enallages? Is it just coincidence that Moroni delivered the plates to Joseph Smith during the Feast of Trumpets? Why does the Book of Mormon contain plural amplification? What are we to make of the Seal of Mulek? Where did Joseph Smith learn that the Nephite interpreters are so similar to the Urim and Thummin? How did Joseph Smith manage to dictate the Book of Mormon whilst including three independent dating systems with remarkable accuracy? What are we to make of all the archaeological evidence of the Book of Mormon? How did Joseph Smith know to include prayers after eating rather than before? How did Joseph Smith even get all the types of sacrifices correct? Where would Joseph Smith have learnt about infant baptism in Mesoamerica? How did Joseph Smith write the Book of Ether with all its complexities and source documents? Why is the list of supposed anachronisms in the Book of Mormon continually getting smaller? Wouldn’t a fraud look clumsier over time rather than being proved stronger? Why take a chance on barley? Is it a coincidence that Mayans believe (and the Book of Mormon teaches) that children who die go straight to heaven? Why did Joseph Smith surprisingly use “Alma” as a male name in the Book of Mormon when it is traditionally female? Is it because it’s consistent with ancient texts? Was Laban’s “fifty” just a random number? Are all the references to human sacrifices and cannibalism just randomly consistent with ancient practices? Was the importance of a “three day journey” before making sacrifices just a lucky guess? Did Joseph Smith guess about the ancient practice of reading out long texts? Why does the Book of Mormon include Hebrew puns ( such as a garb of secrecy)? How did Joseph Smith manage to construct and maintain a complex and consistent geography while dictating the Book of Mormon but failed to grasp the geographical scheme in statements after it was translated? Should we ignore the supporting evidence that the Lachish Letters provides to the Book of Mormon? How was Joseph Smith so meticulous and consistent in referring to thieves and robbers? Why should we believe it is luck that there are Mesoamerican traditions of darkness and seismic events when Christ died? Surely all the examples of chiasmus in the Book of Mormon can’t be coincidence, especially when there are potentially over 430 and 30 of which are at least 6 levels deep? Wouldn’t Joseph Smith have ensured that someone pointed them out as evidence if he deliberately included them? Why are there Hittite names in the Book of Mormon such as Akish? Why do ancient Near Eastern traditions (not found in the Bible) agree with the Book of Mormon that a remnant of Joseph’s coat survived? Why does the Book of Mormon contain evidence of ancient covenant styles? Why are Nephite and Jaredite courtships in the Book of Mormon so far removed from 19th century American notions of romantic love? Why was Joseph Smith named after his father even though he wasn’t the first son? Was it to fulfil a prophecy in the Book of Mormon? Is it luck that imagery of planting a tree in your heart has deep Mesoamerican roots (pun intended)? Where did Joseph Smith find out about Central American executions (such as how Abinadi was killed)? Or random snake infestations? How did Joseph Smith include editorial promises into the book if he dictated it? Or previews and summaries? Is it luck that subscriptio is found in the Book of Mormon? How did Joseph Smith manage to use white/light so consistently and in line with ancient tradition? How come the story of crossing the ocean in Ether has such similarities to ancient documents found since the Book of Mormon was published? Why did Joseph Smith take a risk in claiming that some Native Americans have West-Eurasian origins? Or that Shiz could walk around beheaded? Why does the Book of Mormon include so many “Christian” elements before the coming of Christ, which was not found in the Bible but discovered in the Dead Sea Scrolls? Why does the organization of the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve (revealed in D&C 107:22-23) follow the same organization now discovered in the Dead Sea Scrolls? If Joseph Smith just wanted to make money from the Book of Mormon, why didn’t he just make lots of fake gold plates and sell them for gold? He seemed to have made good enough fakes to fool a lot of people. Why did Joseph Smith take a chance on mentioning the “ great spirit” if it was believed to be anachronistic? Or take a chance on saying John the apostle didn’t die? Did Joseph Smith even realise that the writers of the small plates followed meticulously the instructions of Nephi? How did Joseph Smith know there were swine in Mesoamerica? Did Joseph Smith know about the repetitive resumption all through in the Book of Mormon? How did Joseph Smith know about ancient practices regarding preservations of sacred texts? Why do other ancient documents support the Book of Mormon’s idea that the ancient Joseph prophesied of Moses and Aaron? Why are there colophons at the start and end of the books but not at the start of Mosiah? Why do we see evidence of antenantiosis in the Book of Mormon? Why does the Book of Mormon use the word “swallow” in certain contexts? Was this the result of research into ancient Canaanite mythology? Why would Joseph Smith risk mentioning Jews building temples outside of Jerusalem before the discovery of the Jewish community at Elephantine? What should we make of Mesoamerican groups reporting that ancestors came to the Americas from across the seas? How do we account for Biblical passages in the Book of Mormon that do not agree with the available manuscripts available at the time, but found by recent scholarship? Why would Joseph Smith go to such effort to make extra ancient items such as the Liahona etc only for them to disappear? Why did the early Saints understand these objects to be connected to the ark of the covenant? How did Joseph Smith know about ancient calendrical patterns? Why does the Book of Mormon speak 40 times of “ the land of Jerusalem” rather than the “city of Jerusalem” (as contained in the Bible) which is a phrase found in the Amarna Letters and the Dead Sea Scrolls, both found after the Book of Mormon was translated? Did Joseph Smith add gradation into the Book of Mormon to make it look authentic? Why does the Book of Mormon contain the classical rhetorical device of merismus? Why does the Book of Mormon use so many English words to describe what could have been translated as “the law” ( statutes, judgments, ordinances, and commandments)? Why does the Book of Mormon include the expression “it came to pass” much more than the Bible translators used it from the original Hebrew? Why are there connections between the ancient alphabet in Arabia and the characters on the Anthon Transcript? Why didn’t Joseph Smith include things that were at the cutting edge of science and history when it was published? Why include things that were generally not accepted? Is it luck that the Brother of Jared used shining stones which tradition says Noah also used? Why does Lehi’s poem in 1 Nephi 2 match features of ancient Bedouin desert poetry? Where did Joseph Smith learn to create other profound examples of ancient Hebrew poetry, such as Ammon’s majestic refutation of his brother’s accusation of boasting? What should we make of the fact that the Book of Mormon is distinguished from 19th century religious texts by having over 100 names for Christ? Why would Joseph Smith include the use of cement in ancient America when it was unprecedented at the time but now discovered to be correct? How did Joseph Smith know so much about ancient Arabia if there were no library books available to him on the subject? Why is the Nephite political and economic structure similar to that of Israelites? How did Joseph Smith know so much about olive culture, which was not known in 19th century New England? Are we to believe he was an expert on this topic as well as ancient writing styles, ancient traditions, the geography of the near-east… etc? Did Joseph Smith secretly consult Jewish and Samaritan texts claiming that Moses was translated? Why would Joseph Smith choose to fabricate an ancient book on gold plates rather than scrolls which would be much cheaper to produce? Why do descriptions of coronations in the Book of Mormon fit the time period? How did Joseph Smith know about the “without a cause” issue in 3 Nephi 12:22? Why is there a relevant political statement when Nephi makes a new bow? Why would Joseph Smith take a risk of using metal plates when it was not known at the time that this was a well-established method of record keeping anciently Why is Nephi’s description of Laban authentic and realistic? Why did Joseph Smith and his associates read from the Book of Mormon in Carthage Jail before they died? If you were in prison, would you read from a book that you knew was a hoax for comfort? And sing songs celebrating the hoax you had created? How did Joseph Smith know the place name “Shazer” would fit so well? Why are names used in the Book of Mormon consistent with new discoveries of common names in the region of Palestine? Was it luck that Nephi gave to Zoram the most solemn of all Semite oaths? If the characters from the gold plates that Martin Harris showed to Charles Anthon were believed to be a fraud, then why did he immediately agree to fund the Book of Mormon when he returned? Why do population size and fluctuations in the Book of Mormon resemble the patterns of known historical populations? Why would Joseph Smith take the risk of saying the plates were buried in a stone box in the earth if at the time it was unprecedented? Is it luck that the Book of Mormon avoids complex numeric forms, like biblical Hebrew? Why does the Book of Mormon include 38 points of the Year-Rite? How did Joseph Smith know about burning cities and killing the inhabitants? Why did early critics of Joseph Smith consider him a “blockhead” but later critics consider him a genius? Which one is it? How did Joseph Smith create multi-layered sermons such as Alma in Ammonihah with a repetitive play on remember/forget, a complex example of chiasmus, and references to the words of Lehi and Nephi all in the same verses? Why would Joseph Smith have taken the chance to mention in the Book of Mormon a river that continually flows into the Red Sea? Why, after 25 years of literary research, has Royal Skousen not found anything to prove the Book of Mormon is false? If the Book of Mormon was plagiarized from another book, why didn’t anyone flag this up at the time when it was published? Should we dismiss the possible connection between the Jaredites and the advanced ceramics found in the same region? Are we to believe that each person who claims a witness from the Holy Ghost about the Book of Mormon is lying or delusional? Why does the Book of Mormon contain so many construct states that would not be expected in English? Is The Narrative of Zosimus just a lucky coincidence? Or elevated highways? Or Nephi’s garden tower right next to the highway? Or large stones with engravings? Why does the Book of Mormon have examples of nouns missing after numbers (such as “Wherefore, by the words of three, God hath said, I will establish my word”)? Did Joseph Smith know this was biblical Hebrew? How did Joseph Smith know about a random oasis in the Arabian peninsula that was believed to be nothing but desert? Was the location of NHM (Nahom) just a lucky guess? Or the valley of Lemuel? How did Moroni manage to quote each of the farewell speeches from the small plates in his last chapter? How did Joseph Smith know to put “prophetic perfect” into the Book of Mormon? Why would 11 men put their reputations on the line by being witnesses to the Book of Mormon if they really knew it not to be true? Why take the risk, why not just see the plates or the angel but not put your name to it and take the safe option? How do we explain the fulfilled prophecies written in the Old Testament? Were they all just lucky despite the outrageous odds? How do we explain the “White God” that different native American tribes recount stories of? What are we to make of the New Testament gospels and the writings of Paul which were written within a few decades of Jesus’s death? Wouldn’t someone have noticed that the Biblical accounts were not accurate if they were in such wide circulation at the time? How do we explain the evidence of the empty tomb and other minimal facts of the New Testament? Isn’t the New Testament too embarrassing not to be true? How do we explain the huge growth of the early Christian church in such a short period of time (under great persecution) after Jesus died? How could Joseph Smith describe angels in such detail? Did he think he saw angels? How do we explain Joseph Smith’s visions experienced with other people? Why did they agree on the details? How do we account for the miracles Joseph Smith performed by the power of Christ’s priesthood? What are we to make of the rich doctrines and complex revelations in the Doctrine and Covenants? Was it luck that Dr. Smith (who saved Joseph Smith’s leg and potentially his life) was likely the only physician in the United States in 1813 who had the expertise to successfully deal with Joseph Smith’s bone disease? What should we make of the claim that Joseph Smith’s name “ should be had for good and evil among all nations“? Was this just an arrogant guess from a young farm boy? What made him think all nations would hear about him? In an age of internet and technology this is still highly unlikely for anyone to claim. How did Joseph Smith correctly predict the American Civil War (and many details), nearly 30 years before it happened? Should we ignore the testimony of the twelve apostles relating to the Doctrine and Covenants? Was it a lucky guess when Joseph Smith said the Saints would be “ driven to the Rocky Mountains…(and) become a mighty people in the midst of the Rocky Mountains”? How do we account for the Stephen A. Douglas prophecy? What are we to make of Joseph Smith’s other fulfilled prophecies? Would a man responsible for the biggest fraud in history be the same man who after being tarred and feathered, preached a sermon on forgiveness? How did Joseph Smith reveal a code of health that was not known to be effective at the time? Why did Joseph Smith’s family believe his story? Wouldn’t they be the first to see through the lies? Why has stylometrics shown that the revelations in the Doctrine and Covenants are different to Joseph Smith’s own style of writing? Why do ancient texts (unavailable to Joseph Smith) support the Book of Moses’ claim that Enoch saw men’s deeds? Why does the Book of Moses resemble the Apocalypse of Abraham (which was translated long afterwards? Why did Joseph Smith use the name Shulem rather than Shillem in the Book of Abraham? How did Joseph Smith know that Enoch saw all generations? Why do ancient texts translated long after the Book of Moses agree that Enoch wept? How did Joseph Smith correctly guess Mahijuah/Mahujah? Was it a lucky guess that the Book of Moses’ claims Enoch was a “lad” at 65? Why does the Book of Enoch support the Book of Moses’ claim that Enoch was given the right to God’s throne? Why does the Book of Enoch (translated after the Book of Moses) claim that the Lord’s House shall be called Jerusalem? How did Joseph Smith know that Enoch was in possession of Adam’s Book? Is it a coincidence that the Book of Enoch also claims (like the Book of Moses) that Enoch’s Book was to be restored? Why do ancient texts (unavailable to Joseph Smith) agree with the Book of Moses’ claim that Enoch was clothed in glory? How did Joseph Smith know that Enoch saw the saints arise? Did Joseph Smith know that other books also claimed that Enoch saw the return of Zion from Heaven? Was it a lucky guess that other ancient books support the Book of Moses claim that Enoch saw the chains of Satan? Why does the Book of Abraham speak of things not known at the time but now being discovered? Why does The Book of the Cave of Treasures support the Book of Abraham’s claim of the pervasive nature of idolatry in Abraham’s day? Is it just luck that The Ancient Conflict of Adam and Eve with Satan also claims (like the Book of Abraham) that children were being sacrificed to idols? What should we make of the fact that the Book of Noah supports the Book of Abraham’s claim that Abraham had access to sacred records from the patriarchs? Why does The Story of Abraham our Father from What Appended to Him with Nimrod, agree with the Book of Abraham claim that Abraham preached against his fathers’ idolatry? Why do ancient texts unavailable to Joseph Smith also claim (like the Book of Abraham does) that Abraham was to be sacrificed? How did Joseph Smith know that Abraham’s father Terah was behind the sacrifice? Why do other ancient books agree with the Book of Abraham’s claim that Abraham was saved by God before being sacrificed? Why do many other ancient books such as Chronicles of Jerahmeel (unknown to Joseph Smith) support the Book of Abraham’s claim that Abraham’s father Terah repents? Why do ancient texts not available to Joseph Smith agree that the Book of Abraham’s claim that Abraham received the priesthood and was a High Priest? Why does the Midrash Rabbah, unknown to Joseph Smith, support the Book of Abraham’s claim that Abraham experienced two famines during his life and not just one? Why do ancient texts, not available to Joseph Smith, also claim that Abraham preached and converted many? Why do another books support the Book of Abraham’s claim that Abraham was desirous to learn the causes of things? How did Joseph Smith know that God taught astronomy to Abraham? Did Joseph Smith know that other books also claimed that God showed Abraham the heavens and those in the premortal existence? Why does the Genesis Apocryphon from the Dead Sea Scrolls claim (like the Book of Abraham does) that God is the one who warns Abraham that the Egyptians will want to kill him to get his wife? Why does the midrashic Hebrew text, Tanna debe Eliyahu support the Book of Abraham’s claim that Abraham was honored by kings – or on a throne? Why does the Jewish writer Artapanus agree with the Book of Abraham that Abraham taught astronomy? Why do ancient texts (unavailable to Joseph Smith) support the Book of Abraham’s claim that Abraham wrote a book of his experiences? Joseph Smith claimed to be a prophet so that was either truthful, deceitful or delusional, there is no in-between. Are we to believe he dedicated his life to a lie or a delusion? Why would Joseph Smith publish revelations chastising him? Why didn’t Joseph Smith earn masses of money if it was all a con? What was his goal? Why are there over 150 accounts of Brigham Young’s transfiguration of looking and sounding like Joseph Smith at conference in 1844? How do we explain the visions of the Latter-day prophets who have seen and spoken with the Savior? Are they lying or deceived even though they are men of great wisdom? Are all of the special witnesses of Christ lying or deluded when they testify of Jesus and his divinity? Isn’t it a heavy burden to carry in claiming that every single “direct experience of God” is a lie or delusion? Isn’t it more reasonable to believe that at least one perhaps is an actual experience of something bigger than us? If there isn’t already something bigger than us, then isn’t humanity likely to go extinct? If we trust in humanity to not go extinct, then shouldn’t we also trust that something bigger than us already exists? In our universe, isn’t it true that there are very probably civilizations “that are superhuman, to the point of being god-like”? Is it luck that the universe appears to be fine tuned for life only for a relatively small amount of time? How sure are we that someone didn’t create the universe? In a multiverse, wouldn’t God almost certainly exist? If nothingness cannot scientifically exist, then doesn’t that mean there was something before the Big Bang? Is every single claimed miracle a lucky coincidence or perhaps is at least one partly responsible by something bigger than us? If human rights can be self evident and unassailable, then why can’t God? How do we explain the Cambrian explosion and the sudden formation of complex life? Why are some of the greatest men of science believers in God? Why do “Atheists become emotionally aroused when daring God to do terrible things”? Why has the majority of mankind believed that there is something bigger than us? How do we explain near-death patients who are able to see things that are happening in other parts of the theatre or in other rooms when their eyes are covered? Was it a coincidence that the two 2020 global fasts coincided with a decrease in US deaths? Was the 2018 shift to home-centered church before Covid-19 just a coincidence? Why does statistical analysis show a correlation between higher education and loyalty to Latter-day Saint beliefs? If the gospel was a fraud, wouldn’t the scholars and those who are more educated leave first?