Astrophysicists have fairly recently discovered that for physical life to be possible anywhere in the universe, certain cosmological constants must be “fine tuned” to an incredible degree of accuracy. One example is the expansion rate of the universe which if deviated by more than 1 in 1037 would not permit life anywhere in the universe.
Hugh Ross explains how large of a number this is:
Imagine covering the entire North American continent in dimes and stacking them until they reached the moon. Now imagine stacking just as many dimes again on another billion continents the same size as North America. If you marked one of those dimes and hid it in the billions of piles you’ve assembled, the odds of a blindfolded friend picking out the correct dime is approximately 1 in 1037; the same level of precision required in the strong nuclear force and the expansion rate of the universe.– Hugh Ross – Where Did The Universe Come From? New Scientific Evidence for the Existence of God
Hugh Ross lists 140 constants which are required to be fine-tuned. What are the odds that all the constants are the correct values for life?
English astronomer Fred Hoyle famously said:
Would you not say to yourself, “Some super-calculating intellect must have designed the properties of the carbon atom, otherwise the chance of my finding such an atom through the blind forces of nature would be utterly minuscule. A common sense interpretation of the facts suggests that a superintellect has monkeyed with physics, as well as with chemistry and biology, and that there are no blind forces worth speaking about in nature. The numbers one calculates from the facts seem to me so overwhelming as to put this conclusion almost beyond question.– Fred Hoyle, “The Universe: Past and Present Reflections.” Engineering and Science
Why is the universe fine-tuned for life and who tuned it?