After warning the people of false prophets, Jeremiah 23:18 gives a formula for determining true prophets:
For who hath stood in the counsel of the Lord, and hath perceived and heard his word? who hath marked his word, and heard it?
Kevin L. Tolley remarks how the word “perceive” here is better translated from the Hebrew as “seen”. In other words, true prophets see and hear the council of God.
The Book of Mormon writers seem keen to use the expression of “seeing” and “hearing” in connection with the divine council of God to show they are true prophets. For example, Nephi uses the expression in connection with Lehi’s encounter of God’s council several times such as in 1 Nephi 1:6
And it came to pass as he prayed unto the Lord, there came a pillar of fire and dwelt upon a rock before him; and he saw and heard much; and because of the things which he saw and heard he did quake and tremble exceedingly.
How did Joseph Smith pick up on Jeremiah’s criteria for true prophets and the underlying Hebrew?